Writing is a medium of human communication that represents
language and emotion through the inscription or recording of
signs and symbols. In most languages, writing is a
complement to speech or spoken language. Writing is not a
language but a form of technology. Within a language system,
writing relies on many of the same structures as speech,
such as vocabulary, grammar and semantics, with the added
dependency of a system of signs or symbols, usually in the
form of a formal alphabet.
The result of writing is generally
called text, and the recipient of text is called a reader.
Motivations for writing include publication, storytelling,
correspondence and diary. Writing has been instrumental in
keeping history, dissemination of knowledge through the
media and the formation of legal systems. It is also an
important medium of expressing oneself by way of written
words as do authors, poets and the like.