Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols
in order to construct or derive meaning (reading
comprehension). It is a means of language acquisition, of
communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like
all language, it is a complex interaction between the text
and the reader which is shaped by the reader’s prior
knowledge, experiences, attitude, and language community
which is culturally and socially situated.
The reading process requires continuous practice,
development, and refinement. In addition, reading requires
creativity and critical analysis. Consumers of literature
make ventures with each piece, innately deviating from
literal words to create images that make sense to them in
the unfamiliar places the texts describe. Because reading is
such a complex process, it cannot be controlled or
restricted to one or two interpretations. There are no
concrete laws in reading, but rather allows readers an
escape to produce their own products introspectively. This
promotes deep exploration of texts during interpretation.
Readers use a variety of reading strategies to assist with
decoding (to translate symbols into sounds or visual
representations of speech) and comprehension. Readers may
use context clues to identify the meaning of unknown words.
Readers integrate the words they have read into their
existing framework of knowledge or schema (schemata theory).