Skills

Levels

English Vowel Sounds

Sound













/i/


leak




keen


peat


beet


bee

/I/


lick


lit


kin


pit


bit



/ey/


lake


late


cane




bait


bay

/e/




let


Ken


pet


bet



"ae"


lack




can


pat


bet


baa

"ah"


lock




con


pot


bought


bah

"uh"


luck






putt


but



"oo"


look






put





/u/


Luke


lute


coon




boot


boo

"er"


lurk




Kern


pert


Bert


burr

/o/






cone




boat


Bo, bow

/ai/


like




kine




bite


by

/au/




lout




pout


bout


bough

/oi/






coin






boy

Some Generalizations (Not Rules) about English vowels and spelling

English vowels have "long" and "short" forms.

The long form is the "name" of the letter: The short form is as follows:

A

E

I

O

U


/ey/

/i/

/ai/

/o/ or /ou/

/u/ or /yu/

a

e

i

o

u


"ae"

/e/

/I/

"ah"

"uh"

Long vowels are usually (but not always) indicated by a second (silent) vowel in the same syllable:

sheep


bait


heat


loaf


like


mice


tune


peace


juice


hoe


leave

jay


slow


pony


(Sometimes "y" and "w" can function as a second vowel.)

Short vowels usually stand alone within a syllable and are often followed by "double" consonants:

ran


jet


cup


doll


kiss


tick


lamb


witch


fast


hint


punch

Note the difference:

hope

hop


hoped

hopped


hoping

hopping

    tiny/tinny

Notable exceptions:


head

light

read


give

sign

live


gone

find

lead


(sound is "short" despite silent second vowel)

(sound is "long" despite no silent second vowel)

(two pronunciations: long or short)

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Last updated: 15 February, 2010 02:43:16