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ESL Grammar Resources

To V or Not To V           
 

 

 

The word "to" is often confusing in English. It can be used as part of a modal expression, infinitive or as a preposition.

 

Note the usage of "to" in the following sentences.

 


To V

I used to live in Utah.

I am supposed to go.

I hope to see you.


To V ing

I am used to living in Utah.

I am opposed to going.

I look forward to seeing you.

 

 

Modal expressions are always followed by the base form of the verb.

 


ought to

have to

have got to

used to


be to

be able to

be supposed to

be going to

 

 

Similar expressions are followed by infinitives (to + V)

 


need to V

want to V

hope to V

happen to V

mean to V

tend to V

care to V

wish to V

would like to V


be allowed to V

be inclined to V

be reluctant to V

be willing to V

be happy to V

be afraid to V

be required to V

be delighted to V

be compelled to V

 

 

Many prepositional combinations using "to" are followed by gerunds

 


look forward to V ing

resort to V ing

submit to V ing

confess to V ing

give in to V ing

admit to V ing

with regards to V ing


be accustomed to V ing

be addicted to V ing

be opposed to V ing

be limited to V ing

be dedicated to V ing

be commited to V ing

be used to V ing

 

 

 


 

 

 

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