Skills

Levels

Sentence Structure and Punctuation

Basic English Sentence Structures

S - V

S - V - O

S - V - IO - DO


Jack is sleeping.

Jack ate an apple.

Jack gave Jill a ring.


S - LV - Adj.

S - LV - Adv

S - LV - Noun


Jack is sick.

Jack is here.

Jack is a doctor.

Combinations: One verb or one subject (no comma)

    S V

    S and S V

    S V and V

    S V O and O

    S and S V O and O


    Jack is drinking.

    Jack and Jill are drinking.

    Jack is eating and drinking.

    Jack drinks coffee and tea.

    Jack and Jill drink tea and coffee.

Combinations: Two subjects, two verbs

Subordination (One idea is stronger.)

    Jack drinks coffee although Jill drinks tea. (without a comma)

    Although Jack drinks coffee, Jill drinks tea. (with a comma)

Coordination (equal ideas, with coordinator: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)

    Jack is drinking, and Jill is eating. (A comma [,] is needed here.)

    Jack drinks coffee, but Jill drinks tea. (closest connection between ideas)

Closely related ideas (without coordinator)

    Jack drinks coffee; Jill drinks tea. (A semi-colon [;] is used here.)

    Jack drinks coffee; however, Jill drinks tea. (with a sentence connector)

Separate sentences (strongest break between ideas)

Jack drinks coffee. Jill drinks tea. (Use a period [.] to separate complete sentences.)

Jack drinks coffee. However, Jill drinks tea. (with a sentence connector)

Jack drinks coffee. Jill, however, drinks tea. (variation)

Note:

Do not use subordinators and coordinators to connect ideas in the same sentence:

    Although Jack drinks coffee, but Jill drinks tea.

    Jack drinks coffee, but Jill drinks tea.

    Although Jack drinks coffee, Jill drinks tea.


    (INCORRECT)

    (Okay)

    (Okay)

See also:
Grammar: Coodinators
Grammar: Subordinators
Grammar: Sentence Connectors

If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.
Be sure to include the title of this page in the Subject line of your e-mail.

TOEFL and TOEIC are registered and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
No connection with EslGold.com is implied.
Last updated: 15 February, 2010 02:43:16