Relative clauses give more information about a subject or object. They usually follow and "agree" with the noun they modify and often occur
between a Subject and Verb. However, they usually have no effect on the S + V relationship.
The man who works at IBM
comes from Hong Kong.
The house that Jack built
The people who came to the party
had a great time.
Those who arrive early
are entitled to a rebate.
I ate an apple that had a worm in it.
She is the one who I told you about.
The man who lives over there
is my uncle.
One of the men who lives over there
is my uncle.
Only one of the people who work in the company
Most relative clauses use the words
who, whom, whose, which, that, when or
This is the place where I met my wife.
Paul is the man who loves Mary.
Simon is the man who(m) Mary loves.
Commas which set off relative clauses function like parentheses ( ) indicating non-essential information.
My wife, who is a doctor, works at Community Hospital.
My wife (who is a doctor) works at Community Hospital.
Without commas, relative clauses specify one member of a group:
My brother who is a scientist works at the university.
My brother who is a mechanic works at Bob's Garage.
Specifies "which brother" (one of many)
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