Skills

Levels

Quantifiers

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All or none

All (of) the people are here.

Not all (of) the people are here.

All (of) the people are not here.

None of the people are here.

Not any of the people are here.


100% are here.

Less than 100%

Not well defined. Could be ?not all? or ?none?

0% Focus on "people" (are)

0% Focus on "each" individual (is)

Some, Most, Many, Several, Few, A Few, A lot of

Some (of the) people are here.

Some (of the) people are not here.

Most of the people are here.

Most of the people are not here.

Many (of the) people are here.

Many (of the) people are not here

Not many (of the) people are here.

Several (of the) people are here

A few (of the) people are here.

Few (of the) people are here.

A lot of (the) people are here.

A lot of (the) people are not here.

Not a lot of (the) people are here.

Three (of the) people are here.

Three (of the) people are not here.

Half of the people are here.

Half of the people are not here.

Focus: positive

Focus: negative

Focus: positive

(uncommon)

Focus: positive

(uncommon)

Focus: negative. More people were expected.

Focus: positive

Focus: positive. At least some are here.

Focus: negative. More people were expected.

Focus: positive

Focus: negative

Focus: negative. More people were expected.

Focus: positive

Focus: negative

Focus: positive 50% are here.

Focus: negative 50% are absent.

Both, neither, one

Both (of the) people are here.

One of the people is here.

One of the people is not here

Neither of the people is here.

Neither of the people are here.


100% are here.

Focus: positive

Focus: negative

Focus: negative

Focus: 100% are absent. (Very informal)

In questions

Are all of the people here?




Are most of the people here?

Are any of the people here?


Yes, all of them are.

Some of them are. Most of them are.

No, none of them are. No, not many of them are.

No, only some of them are.


Yes, some of them are. Yes, most of them are.

No, none of them are.

Answers may differ depending on the questions:

Is anyone here?


Yes, I am.

(X) No, Jim isn't here.

Even if only one person is here, the answer is positive.

(One person can answer for the whole group.)

The answer can be negative only if 0% are here.

For 1-100%, the answer is positive.

Is everyone here?


(X) Yes, I am.

Yes, we (all) are.

No, Jim isn't here.

If even one person is not here, the answer is negative.

(One person cannot independently speak for the group.)

The answer can be positive only if 100% are here.

For 0-99%, the answer is negative.

Other possibilities:

    Everyone but/except Bill is here.

    Most of us are here.

    Almost all of us are here.

Count/Non-count equivalents

All

Some

A lot of

Many



Few

A little

None


All

Some

A lot of

Much



Little

A few

None


All the people are here.

Some people are here.

A lot of people are here.

Many people are here.



Few people are here.

A few people are here.

None of the people are here.


All the sugar is gone.

Some of the sugar is gone.

A lot of sugar is gone.

Much of the sugar is gone.

Is there much sugar left?

There isn't much left.

There's little sugar left.

There's a little sugar left.

None of the sugar is left.

For Practice :See

A Little-A Few (from The Internet TESL Journal)

Much-Many (from The Internet TESL Journal)

See also :

Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers (from Guide to Grammar and Writing)

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Last updated: 15 February, 2010 02:43:16