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ESL Grammar Resources


Prepositions indicate relationships between words and ideas. Most prepositions deal with location and are easy to learn.

above below over under
inside outside around through
beside beyond behind in front of
near nearby by next to
up down toward along (side)
before* after* during since*
with without within until*
into out (of) off upon
between among except but*
like as than about
despite in spite of beneath underneath

* These can also be used as conjunctions.

Some prepositions, however, have more than one meaning and can be very confusing.

in on at
to from for of

Generally, in, on and at indicate location.

See also : Grammar - Prepositions of Location

To and from imply movement toward or away from something. However, to can also function as part of an infinitive.

See also : Grammar - Infinitives, To V or Not To V

To and for can introduce indirect objects.

See also : Grammar - Indirect Objects

For and since can also indicate duration.

See also : Grammar - Present Perfect Progessive

Of is used in partitives (all of, some of . . .) and other expressions.

See also : Grammar - Quantifiers

Many prepositions are also used in expressions.

See also : Grammar - Preposition Collocations with "Be"; Verb and Preposition Collocations

For further reference:

Grammar : Prepositions and Time Words

Grammar : Adverbs and Prepositions

Grammar : Prepositions and Subordinators

The Preposition (from Grammar Bytes)

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