- The world's biggest and best ESL resource online 
Great Resources For Teaching & Learning English



Business English

Low Beginning
High Beginning
Low Intermediate
High Intermediate

ESL Grammar Resources




Parallelism means that words used in pairs or groups should all have the same grammatical form (verbs and verbs; nouns, nouns, and nouns; gerunds and gerunds, etc.) When using words or phrases with coordinating conjunctions or in a series, make sure that they follow the same grammatical structure. For example,


Terry likes swimming and to dive.

Terry likes swimming and diving.

Terry likes to swim and (to) dive.

I'm taking history, math, and chemical.

I'm taking history, math, and chemistry.

(Incorrect: not parallel)






Sometimes repeated words, such as auxiliary verbs, can be deleted in parallel constructions.


I have been to Paris and saw the Eiffel Tower.

I have been to Paris and have seen the Eiffel Tower.

I have been to Paris and seen the Eiffel Tower.

Is she coming to the party or go to a movie?

Is she coming to the party or going to a movie?









If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.

ESL Videos to help you speak English CEO Interview

Verb List


English Greetings & Phrases

English Pronunciation

English - Introductions

Rosetta Stone - English

Speak English as a Second Language

Learning English - Lesson One

© Copyright 2014 - All Rights Reserved Worldwide - Arlington, VA, USA
TOEFL and TOEIC are registered and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
No connection with is implied.

Website designed and developed by


Phrases for Conversation
Conversation Topics
Today's News Stories
Language Tutors
Speaking Situations
English Conversation Partners
Speaking Tasks
Articles for Discussion


What's New?
Places to Study
Practice Your English
Daily Lessons
Join Us on Facebook!
Verb List
Job Center
TESOL Courses
Words in the News
Pictures, Words and Audio
Grammar Explanations
Business Expressions
Teacher Resources
ESLgold Dictionary
Reading Exercises
Textbook Recommendations
Resources for Success
Current Topics
Software and CDs
Word of the Day
Academic Vocabulary Quizzes
Information Articles