Skills

Levels

Action Vs. Status


Click for Audio

Some English "action" verbs refer to events or actions that happen at a specific time, usually only once. These verbs cannot be used with "how long" or expressions of duration. "Status" verbs must be used to indicate conditions which exist over periods of time.

Some common action/status pairs are as follows:

    Action/Event (one time occurrence)
    (present or past)

    become

    get married

    get engaged

    get divorced

    graduate

    die

    meet

    learn

    find out

    buy/purchase

    get/aquire

    fall asleep

    fall in love

    Status/Condition (long time)
    (present or present perfect)

    be

    be married

    be engaged

    be divorced

    be out of school

    be dead

    know

    know

    know

    have

    have/own

    be asleep

    be in love

For example,

    I got married last May.

    I was single last April.

    I am married now.

    How long have you gotten married?

    How long have you been married?


    I met Mr. Carter last week.

    I have met Mr. Carter for one week.

    I have known Mr. Carter for one week.


    Nathan became a doctor in 1998.

    Nathan has become a doctor for two years.

    Nathan has been a doctor for two years.


    I graduated last August.

    How long have you graduated?

    How long have you been out of school?


    The baby fell asleep two hours ago.

    The baby has fallen asleep for two hours.

    The baby has been asleep for two hours


    I found out the news yesterday.

    I have found out the news since yesterday.

    I have known the news since yesterday.

    (The ceremony occurred last May.)

    (Status previous to last May)

    (Current status)

    (Wrong!)

    (Correct)


    (We saw each other the first time.)

    (Wrong! I only met him once.)

    (Correct)


    (That's when he received his degree.)

    (Wrong!)

    (Correct)


    (That's when the ceremony occurred.)

    (Wrong!)

    (Correct)


    (Changed from "awake" to "asleep")

    (Wrong!)

    (Correct)


    (Specific time)

    (Wrong!)

    (Correct)

If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.
Be sure to include the title of this page in the Subject line of your e-mail.

TOEFL and TOEIC are registered and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
No connection with EslGold.com is implied.
Last updated: 15 February, 2010 02:43:16