ESLGold.com - The world's biggest and best ESL resource onlineGreat Resources For Teaching & Learning English                                                                                  
 

Skills
Speaking
Listening
Reading
Writing
Grammar
Vocabulary
Business English
Pronunciation
TOEFL/TOEIC
Idioms

Levels
Low Beginning
High Beginning
Low Intermediate
High Intermediate
Advanced


ESL Grammar Resources

Action vs. Status           
 

 

Some English "action" verbs refer to events or actions that happen at a specific time, usually only once. These verbs cannot be used with "how long" or expressions of duration. "Status" verbs must be used to indicate conditions which exist over periods of time.
Action/Event (one time occurrence)
(present or past)


become

get married

get engaged

get divorced

graduate

die

meet

learn

find out

buy/purchase

get/aquire

fall asleep

fall in love
 Status/Condition (long time)
(present or present perfect)


be

be married

be engaged

be divorced

be out of school

be dead

know

know

know

have

have/own

be asleep

be in love


For example:


I got married last May.

I was single last April.

I am married now.

How long have you gotten married?

How long have you been married?

I met Mr. Carter last week.

I have met Mr. Carter for one week.

I have known Mr. Carter for one week.

Nathan became a doctor in 1998.

Nathan has become a doctor for two years.

Nathan has been a doctor for two years.

I graduated last August.

How long have you graduated?

How long have you been out of school?

The baby fell asleep two hours ago.

The baby has fallen asleep for two hours.

The baby has been asleep for two hours

I found out the news yesterday.

I have found out the news since yesterday.

I have known the news since yesterday.
(The ceremony occurred last May.)

(Status previous to last May)

(Current status)

(Wrong!)

(Correct)

(We saw each other the first time.)

(Wrong! I only met him once.)

(Correct)

(That's when he received his degree.)

(Wrong!)

(Correct)

(That's when the ceremony occurred.)

(Wrong!)

(Correct)

(Changed from "awake" to "asleep")

(Wrong!)

(Correct)

(Specific time)

(Wrong!)

(Correct)

 

If you have questions or comments about this page, please contact us.


ESL Videos to help you speak English


ESLgold.com CEO Interview

Verb List

Adverbs


English Greetings & Phrases

English Pronunciation

English - Introductions


Rosetta Stone - English

Speak English as a Second Language

Learning English - Lesson One



© Copyright 2014 ESLgold.com - All Rights Reserved Worldwide - Arlington, VA, USA
TOEFL and TOEIC are registered and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
No connection with Eslgold.com is implied.

Website designed and developed by infocentre.biz


 


   
Phrases for Conversation
Conversation Topics
Today's News Stories
Language Tutors
Speaking Situations
English Conversation Partners
Speaking Tasks
Articles for Discussion

  

What's New?
Free-English-Study.com
Places to Study
Practice Your English
Daily Lessons
Join Us on Facebook!
Verb List
Job Center
TESOL Courses
Videos
Words in the News
Pictures, Words and Audio
Grammar Explanations
Business Expressions
Teacher Resources
ESLgold Dictionary
Reading Exercises
Todays-Talking-Topics.com
Textbook Recommendations
Resources for Success
Current Topics
Humor
Software and CDs
Word of the Day
Academic Vocabulary Quizzes
Information Articles